FUELING WITH NATURAL GAS
Natural gas can be used to fuel vehicles, primarily trucks, as a substitute for gasoline or diesel:
For vehicles that run on gasoline, the vehicle can be converted to burn only natural gas (dedicated system) or burn natural gas until the tank empties and then the system automatically switches to gasoline (bi-fuel system) until the natural gas fuel is replenished.
For vehicles that run on diesel, the vehicle can be converted to burn natural gas and diesel at the same time (dual-fuel system). Should the natural gas run out, the vehicle would run on diesel until the natural gas is replenished.
Vehicles that run on diesel can also be converted to run on only natural gas. The diesel engine is removed and replaced with a similar diesel engine where spark plugs have been added. This dedicated diesel to natural gas conversion is used most frequently on large trucks, class 6 to 8, that consume large quantities of fuel delivering goods or hauling freight over-the-road. Frequently these vehicles utilize liquefied natural gas (LNG), natural gas chilled to -230 degrees F. Chilled natural gas enables a truck to carry double the fuel versus compressed natural gas, thus providing the range necessary to complete its route and make its deliveries.
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